World Governance
Rethinking National Identity in the Age of Migration. The Transatlantic Council on Migration.   Bertelsmann Stiftung & Migration Policy Institute (dist by Brookings), Dec 2012, 200p, $33pb. Greater mobility and migration have brought about unprecedented levels of diversity, transforming communities on both sides of the Atlantic in fundamental ways and sparking uncertainty over who “we” are in a society. There is a need for developing a new organizing principle for community cohesion, which addresses divisions between immigration’s “winners and losers,” blunts extremism, and responds smartly to changing community and national identities. The authors draw on various approaches to immigrant integration and managing diversity in North America and Europe to deliver recommendations on what policymakers must do to build and reinforce inclusiveness.     (NATIONAL IDENTITY * MIGRATION)
a-quest-for-humanity-cover A Quest for Humanity:  The Good Society in a Global World.   Menno Boldt (Prof Emeritus of Sociology, U of Lethbridge, Alberta).  Toronto: U of Toronto Press, Dec 2011, 252p, $24.95pb.  How can we create a humane social order and place humankind on the path to a Good Society?  First, we need to challenge some cherished beliefs, recognizing that Western democracy and constitutional human rights are fundamentally flawed doctrines. “Human-rights doctrine lacks the authenticity to be accorded the status of constitutional supremacy that trumps all other laws and community moral standards.”  It generates antagonistic interest-group alignments, and excludes economic justice from the list of constitutional rights.  To realize the Good Society in a global world, where cyber-technology diminishes personal connections and foreshadows further regression from humanity, “we need a morality that is based on an authentic universal humane principle that will inspire common cause and commitment to individual liberty, social justice, human dignity, and humanity for peoples the world over.” (p162)  The UN can provide moral leadership to humanize the world by proclaiming the concept of humane mutuality as the pre-eminent ethical standard for all social relations.  A “global moral social order” would embody the universal aspiration of humankind to fully realize everyone’s potential for humanity.  It transcends the barriers of languages, cultures, belief systems, and national interests, and will work against inequality and oppression, as all people see themselves and others as equal in their claim to human dignity and humanity.  Chapters discuss the theory and reality of globalization, globalization and the erosion of US hegemony, social order in the modern age, the future of Western democracy, scientific and theological myths of reality, and social order by design.  [Note: Boldt studied with long-time futurist Wendell Bell of Yale U, who provides a back-cover blurb and to whom this book is dedicated.]  (WORLD FUTURES * HUMAN RIGHTS DOCTRINE QUESTIONED * MORAL SOCIAL ORDER * “GOOD SOCIETY” IN A GLOBAL WORLD * GLOBALIZATION AND THE GOOD SOCIETY)
The Peacekeeping Economy: Using Economic Relationships to Build a More Peaceful, Prosperous, and Secure World.  Lloyd J. Dumas (Prof of Political Economy, U of Texas, Dallas).  New Haven, CT: Yale U Press, Sept 2011, 432p, $45pb.  The idea that military strength is virtually synonymous with security is deeply entrenched and widely held.  However, security is better served by building relationships that replace hostility with a sense of purpose and mutual gain.  Economic relationships can offer a far more effective, and far less costly, means of maintaining security.  Looks at the practical aspects of the transition from a military-based security arrangement to economic peacekeeping.  (SECURITY * “PEACEKEEPING ECONOMY” * MILITARY VS. ECONOMIC SECURITY)
The Politics of Protection: The Limits of Humanitarian Action.  Elisabeth G. Ferris (Senior Fellow in Foreign Policy Studies, Brookings Institution).  Washington: Brookings Institution Press, April 2011, 380p, $32.95pb.  For the past decade, humanitarian actions have increasingly sought not only to assist people affected by conflicts and natural disasters, but also to protect them.  At the same time, protection of civilians has become central to UN peacekeeping operations, and the UN General Assembly has endorsed the principle that the international community has the “responsibility to protect” (R2P) people when their governments cannot or will not do so.  Examines inconsistent ways in which protection is defined and applied, and argues that “protection paradigms currently in use are inadequate to meet the challenges of the future, such as climate change, protracted displacement, and the changing nature of warfare.”
sex-and-world-peace * Sex and World Peace.  Valerie M. Hudson (Prof of Pol Sci, Brigham Young U), Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill (Prof of Psychology, BYU), Mary Caprioli (Assoc Prof of Pol Sci, U of Minnesota Duluth), and Chad F. Emmett (political geographer, BYU).  NY: Columbia U Press, Feb 2012, 256p, $26.50.  The security of the state affects the security of women, but the systemic insecurity of women acts to unravel the security of all.  Explores the question of whether the security of women helps determine the security of states and proves that the situation of women is a vital variable in the incidence of peace and war.  Notes discrepancies between national laws protecting women and the enforcement of those laws, abnormal sex ratios favoring males, the practice of polygamy, and inequitable family law.  Emphasizes the importance of an R2PW, or state responsibility to protect women.  Also questions conventional definitions of security and democracy, and argues that “the true clash of civilizations will be one of gender, played out on the international stage.”   (SECURITY * WOMEN AND WORLD SECURITY)
Crafting State-Nations: India and Other Multinational Democracies.  Alfred Stephan (Prof of Government, Columbia U),Juan J. Linz (Prof of Pol and Soc Sci, Yale U), and Yogendra Yadav (co-director, Lokniti; senior fellow, Center for the Study of Developing Societies, Delhi).  Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins U Press, Dec 2010/304/$30pb.  Conventional wisdom holds that the political boundaries of a state coincide with cultural boundaries.  But today’s sociocultural diversity of many polities renders this understanding obsolete.  Offers a new paradigm, the “state-nation,” which addresses the need in democratic nations to accommodate distinct ethnic and cultural groups within a country while maintaining national political coherence.  Shows how policies in India have helped to craft multiple but complementary identities, while policies in Sri Lanka have contributed to polarized and warring identities.
Power and Responsibility: Building International Order in an Era of Transnational Threats. Bruce Jones (Center for International Cooperation, NYU), Carlos Pascual (VP, Brookings) and Stephen John Stedman (Center for International Security, Stanford U). Washington: Brookings Institution Press, March 2009/360p/$32.95. The post-WWII fabric of global security does not meet the needs of today’s global challenges; proposes a new concept of “responsible sovereignty,” new commitments to rule-based international order, helping the UN return to peacekeeping, an Inter-Governmental Panel on Biological Security, a path down the road to zero nuclear weapons, a Centre of Excellence on Poverty Reduction, expanding the G8 to G16, a new climate change framework, global economic security, etc.
Cosmopolitanism and the Geographies of Freedom. David Harvey (director, Center for Place, Culture, and Politics, CUNY Graduate Center). NY: Columbia UP, July 2009/368p/$27.50. Liberty and freedom are frequently invoked to justify political action, but in practice these idealist agendas often turn sour because they ignore the complexities of geography; Harvey charts a cosmopolitan order more appropriate for an emancipatory form of global governance, rooted in human experience rather than illusory ideals, yet bringing us closer to the liberation we seek.                                       (WORLD POLITICS * COSMOPOLITANISM)
CommonwealthMichael Hardt (Prof of Literature and Italian, Duke U) and Antonio Negri. Cambridge: Harvard UP/Belknap Press, Oct 2009/330p/$35. Concludes a trilogy started with Empire and continued in Multitude, considers models of governance adequate to a global commonwealth, and proposes an ethics of freedom for living in our common world and a possible constitution for our common wealth; “common” should replace the opposition of private and public, and the politics predicated on that opposition.                                        (GOVERNANCE)
Superpower Illusions: How Myths and False Ideologies Led America Astray and How to Return to Reality. Jack F. Matlock Jr (Adjunct Prof of Intl Rels, Columbia U). Yale U Press, Jan 2010/320p/$30. Former US Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1987-1991) refutes the enduring idea that the US forced the collapse of the USSR, arguing that the end of the Cold War diminished US power because, with the removal of the Soviet threat, allies were less willing to accept American protection and leadership. During recent years, the belief that the US had defeated the Soviet Union led to a conviction that it did not need allies, diplomacy, or international organizations, resulting in America’s weakened ability to lead.                                     (WORLD POLITICS * U.S.: WORLD LEADERSHIP)
States Without Nations: Citizenship for Mortals. Jacqueline Stevens (Assoc Prof of Law and Society, UC-Santa Barbara). NY: Columbia UP, Nov 2009/384p/$35. Imagines a world in which national laws establishing birthright citizenship, family inheritance, state-sanctioned marriage, and private land are eliminated. Current legal mandates promoting these rights result in much violence and inequality; would a world without these laws be more just?   (LAW * CITIZENSHIP)
The Birthright Lottery: Citizenship and Global Inequality. Ayelet Shachar (Prof of Law and Pol Sci, U of Toronto). Cambridge: Harvard UP, April 2009/254p/$39.95. Securing membership in a given state provides opportunity for some and a life of little hope for others, and birthright entitlements still dominate our laws for allotting membership; argues that nations should expand their membership boundaries beyond outdated notions of blood-and-soil [Also see States Without Nations: Citizenship for Mortals by Jacqueline Stevens (Columbia UP, Nov 2009).]
Fixing Failed States: A Framework for Rebuilding a Fractured WorldAshraf Ghani and Clare Lockhart. NY: Oxford UP, Oct 2009/272p/$16.95pb. Two former World Bank officials and UN advisors argue for a reorientation in the international response to create capable states. First published in May 2008 (254p/$24.95), this paperback edition adds a new preface.      (WORLD POLITICS * FAILED STATES)
Guerilla Diplomacy: Rethinking International Relations.  Daryl Copeland (USC Center on Public Diplomacy and U of Toronto Centre for International Studies).  Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2009, 311p, $26.50pb.  Heralds the emergence of a new diplomacy tuned to the demands of today’s interconnected, technology-driven world.  Views the modern diplomat as able to engage with a plethora of new international actors as well as happy to mix with the general population.  Provides tools for framing and managing issues ranging from climate change to weapons of mass destruction.       (DIPLOMACY IN TRANSITION * “GUERRILA DIPLOMACY”)
The Obama Moment: European and American Perspectives.  Edited by Álvaro de Vasconcelos (director, EU Institute for Security Studies) andMarcin Zaborowski (director EUISS transatlantic program).  European Union Institute for Security Studies (dist by Brookings Institution Press), May 2010/248p/$18.95pb.  Analyzes topical issues facing agendas of the EU and the US: multilateralism, economy, disarmament, climate change, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Russia, Africa, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Advocates taking advantage of the “Obama moment” to move towards “a new paradigm of the EU-US relationship” and NATO’s role within it that would that takes account of the fact that the West needs “the Rest” to deal with the most pressing issues of our time.              (WORLD FUTURES * EU-US RELATIONS)
The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast AsiaJames C. Scott (Prof of Pol Sci and Anthropology, Yale U). Yale U Press, Sept 2009/464p/$35. For 2000 years, the disparate groups that now reside in Zonia, a mountainous region the size of Europe that consists of portions of 7 Asian countries, have fled the projects of the organized state societies that surround them. This perspective redefines our views of Asian politics and demographics, and even what constitutes “civilization.”
The Environmental Politics of Sacrifice.  Edited by Michael Maniates (Prof of Pol Sci and Env Science, Allegheny College) and John M. Meyer (Prof of Politics, Humboldt State U, CA).  Cambridge MA: MIT Press, Aug 2010/344p/$25pb.  Politicians, the media, and many environmentalists assume that well-off populations won’t make sacrifices now for future environmental benefits.  Rather, activists and scholars should stress the salience of sacrifice in effective environmental politics and policies. “Sacrifice” captures a key and sensitive aspect of environmental politics; unquestioned assumptions about unlikely prospects of needed sacrifices limits available policy options. Identifies connections between sacrifice and human fulfillment in everyday life: parenthood, religious practices, and policemen and soldiers who put their lives at risk.
Fast Forward: Ethics and Politics in the Age of Global Warming.  William Antholis (managing director, Brookings Institution; former deputy director, White House climate change policy team) and Strobe Talbott (president, Brookings Institution; former US deputy Secretary of State).  Washington: Brookings Institution Press, June 2010/150p/$22.95.  Urgently-needed actions related to climate change may amount to the most difficult political transaction in the history of mankind.  “Politics as usual” will not get the job done. A new mind-set is needed, particularly a focus on what can be accomplished immediately and on ethical responsibilities to future generations alike. “Those changes should entail, first and foremost, shifting from reliance on a cumbersome UN-led pursuit of a legally binding global treaty, on slow forward for 20 years, to a less formal process by which the US, the EU, China, and India form the core of an expanding circle of countries that will develop their energy policies and regulate their emissions in an increasingly coordinated fashion”.               (CLIMATE CHANGE * WORLD GOVERNANCE)
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