Food/Agriculture
foodandagriculture
 

 

argaiv1921

 

 

* Providing Agri-environmental Public Goods through Collective Action. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Paris: OECD, June 2013, 306p, $126pb with e-book. Agriculture is a provider of food, feed, fiber, fuel and fun (e.g. agri-tourism) and, to a certain extent, public goods like landscape and biodiversity. However, it can also have negative impacts on natural assets such as biodiversity and water quality. With the growing awareness of environmental issues, including loss of biodiversity and climate change, the provision of public goods and reduction of negative externalities stemming from agriculture have become important policy issues. Collective action should be given serious consideration as a means of addressing many agricultural and natural resource issues, and in some cases collective action should be actively promoted. Reviews the experience of various OECD member countries, as showcased by 25 cases from 13 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom). Topics include: understanding agri-environmental public goods, relationship between collective action and agri-environmental public goods, farmer behavior and collective action, promotion of collective action and policy implications. (AGRICULTURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT)

 

* Greening Household Behaviour: Overview from the 2011 Survey. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Paris: OECD, July 2013, 308p, $77pb with e-book. Governments of OECD countries have introduced a wide variety of measures to encourage citizens to consider environmental impacts in their purchases and practices. Developing growth strategies that promote greener lifestyles requires a good understanding of the factors that affect people's behavior towards the environment. OECD took periodic surveys of >10,000 households in 11 countries (Australia, Canada, Chile, France, Israel, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland), covering five specific household behavior areas (energy use, food consumption, transport choices, waste and recycling, and water use). Calls for providing the right economic incentives for influencing household decisions. "Soft" measures such as labeling and public information campaigns also have a significant complementary role to play. Spurring desirable behavior change requires a mix of instruments. (GREEN LIFESTYLES * HOUSEHOLD GREEN BEHAVIOR * ENERGY * FOOD * WATER * WASTE)

 

* Policy Instruments to Support Green Growth in Agriculture. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Paris: OECD, Oct 2013, 140p, $35 (e-book). Presents the experience of OECD countries in developing and implementing policies, programmes and initiatives related to green growth in the agricultural sector, based primarily on material provided by governments. Discusses the overall approach that countries are taking towards establishing a green growth strategy in agriculture (including monitoring progress towards green growth in agriculture, and policies regarding R&D, energy, efficiency, waste, water, and improving the environment). While most countries have some policies in place that relate to the concept of green growth, the degree of ambition shows considerable variation. The “green growth” term is gaining support, but “the vast majority of OECD countries do not have an overall green growth strategy for their agricultural sectors.” Strategic objectives and targets that support green growth vary substantially across countries, and “very few countries have exploited he potential for green economy measures to create employment.” Calls for nations to 1) create coherent overall policy frameworks that have clear objectives, 2) define R&D priorities, and 3) adopt policy measures that are targeted and implemented at the appropriate levels. (GREEN GROWTH IN AGRICULTURE * FOOD/AGRICULTURE)

 

* Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture. David A. Cleveland (Prof of Environmental Studies, U of California, Santa Barbara). Berkeley CA: U of California Press, Jan 2014, 301p, $34.95pb. Combining selected aspects of small-scale traditional agriculture with modern scientific agriculture can help balance our biological need for food with its environmental impact—and continue to fulfill cultural, social, and psychological needs related to food. Cleveland offers an interdisciplinary primer on critical thinking and effective action for the future of our global agrifood system, analyzes assumptions underlying different perspectives on problems related to food and agriculture around the world, and discusses alternative solutions. (AGRICULTURE IN 21C * GLOBAL AGRIFOOD SYSTEM* SUSTAINABILITY)

 

* Urban Agriculture: Case Studies of Accra, Bangalore, Lima, and Nairobi and a Global Review. Daniel Hoornweg and four others. Washington DC: World Bank, May 2013, 192p, $25pb. Urban agriculture offers important contributions to sustainable urban development and poverty reduction in cities. Although it cannot be expected to meet the food consumption requirements of all urban residents, urban agriculture can have a critical role to play in food security and nutrition, particularly for the urban poor, contribute to urban resilience, in the face of increasing climate variability, and also promote resource efficiency, by stimulating the productive reuse of organic wastes in cities. Chapters discuss lessons and experiences on urban agriculture in developing countries. Cases of Accra, Bangalore, Lima, and Nairobi help to highlight how urban agriculture provides an important component of municipal management that enhances food security, increases urban resilience, and responds to increasing climate variability. (URBAN AGRICULTURE * CITIES * FOOD/AGRICULTURE * FOOD SECURITY)

 

* Harvesting the Biosphere: What We Have Taken from Nature. Vaclav Smil (Distinguished Prof, Faculty of Environment, U of Manitoba, Canada). Cambridge MA: MIT Press, Feb 2013, 312p, $29.  A long-term, planet-wide perspective on human-caused environmental change.  The biosphere—the Earth’s thin layer of life—dates from nearly four billion years ago, when the first simple organisms appeared. Many species have exerted enormous influence on the biosphere’s character and productivity, but none has transformed the Earth in so many ways and on such a scale as Homo sapiens.  Smil offers an interdisciplinary and quantitative account of human claims on the biosphere’s stores of living matter, from prehistory to the present day.   He examines all harvests—from prehistoric man’s hunting of megafauna to modern crop production—and all uses of harvested biomass, including energy, food, and raw materials. Without harvesting of the biomass, there would be no story of human evolution and advancing civilization. But, at the same time, the increasing extent and intensity of present-day biomass harvests is changing the very foundations of civilization’s well-being.   (BIOMASS HARVEST * ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE: LONG-TERM)
 

*Innovations in Sustainable Agriculture: Supporting Climate-Friendly Food Production.  Danielle Nierenberg and Laura Reynolds (both Worldwatch Institute).  Worldwatch Report 188.  Washington: Worldwatch Institute, 2012, 33p. (available at www.worldwatch.org).  The IPCC forecasts that Earth’s average surface air temperature could rise by 0.69 degrees C by 2030, 1.8 degrees by 2065, and as much as 6.4 degrees by 2099.  “This warming, along with other climate-related shifts, including rising sea levels, drought, and ocean acidification, will make food production in the 21st century even more unpredictable, uncertain, and difficult.” (p.5)  At the same time, agriculture is a major driver of human-caused climate change, contributing 25-30% of global GHG emissions.  Sustainable agriculture, however, holds an important key to mitigating climate change.  Through a variety of approaches, the global agricultural sector could potentially reduce and remove 80-88% of the CO2 that it currently produces.  Six sustainable approaches are discussed: 1) Building Soil Fertility (through a variety of techniques that organically rebuild dry or lifeless soils, as an alternative to heavy chemical use and unnecessary tilling); 2) Agroforestry (growing trees on farmland to reduce erosion, remove CO2 from the atmosphere, provide shade for livestock and some crops, and keep soil healthier); 3) Urban Farming (to mitigate GHG emissions from transport and storage of food for urban populations, to increase food security, and to make urban landscapes more resilient to flooding while improving aesthetic value); 4) Green Manure/Cover Cropping (serves as a critical deterrent against pests and diseases; cover crops also fix nitrogen into the soil); 5) Improving Water Conservation and Recycling (use of precise techniques like drip irrigation also save energy); 6) Preserving Biodiversity and Indigenous Breeds (reduces overreliance on a small number of commodity crops that re vulnerable to global markets).  These practices “all help to make farmland, farmers, and entire communities more resilient to the dramatic effects of climate change,” (p.6) while also mitigating overall climate change.  Many of these practices are inexpensive to adopt, and are especially appropriate for smallholder farmers, who currently produce half of the world’s food.  [NOTE: A nice, compact statement.]  (FOOD/AGRICULTURE * CLIMATE CHANGE * SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE)

 
 
 *Food Security: From Crisis to Global Governance (Routledge Critical Security Studies). Nora McKeon (Food and Agriculture Organization, UN). NY: Routledge, Aug 2013, 224p, $42.95pb.  Discusses concerns for food security in the context of global food governance in the 21st century and highlights the systemic inadequacies of the present food system and of the dominant strategies for achieving food security. Examining the post-World War II history of addressing food issues, McKeon’s work draws lessons from experience, tracing the evolution of three strongly interconnected factors: 1) the institutions in which global decision-making on food security has been exercised, 2) the paradigms on which their strategies and actions have been based, 3) the actors that have influenced decision-making and the interests they represent. Special attention is given to the dynamic links between different levels of decision-making on food security (from the household to the global), key global issues, responses of the international community to the food crisis, and how reforming the Committee on World Food Security can address deficiencies of the present system. (FOOD SECURITY * GLOBAL GOVERNANCE * DEVELOPMENT)
 
 

*OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2012.  OECD and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, July 2012, 282p, $58 (e-book). The 18th edition of this annual  Outlook (and the 8th prepared jointly with FAO) provides world market trends for biofuels, cereals, oilseeds, sugar, meats, fish, and dairy products over the 2012-2021 period, and offers an evaluation of recent developments, key issues, and uncertainties in those commodity markets.  It also includes a special feature on the challenge of increasing agricultural productivity growth in a sustainable manner. Key developments: 1) within the last ten years, real food commodity prices have doubled, underpinned by high economic growth in emerging developing countries and higher global prices for energy and associated inputs (“commodity prices will remain not only high but also highly volatile during the next decade, if not beyond”); 2) in response to demands for green growth in agriculture, a 2012 Interagency Report to the Mexican G20 Presidency entitled “Sustainable Agricultural Productivity Growth and Bridging the Gap for Small Family Farms” has been prepared; 3) biofuels: currently some 65% of EU vegetable oil, 50% of Brazilian sugarcane, and about 40% of US corn production is used as feedstock for biofuel production; 4) cereals: despite record cereals production in 2011, international prices remained elevated; 5) oilseed embarked on a new upward trend reflecting a progressive tightening of global supplies; 6) world sugar prices continued to experience tremendous volatility in 2011; 7) the meat sector is characterized by high nominal output prices for all meats, underpinned on the demand side by rapidly growing developing economies and on the supply side by high input costs; 8) sustained imports of milk powder by Southeast Asia, Mexico and North Africa have been predominantly behind price firmness. High food prices have generated concern for food security, as well as future shortages, in a context of climate change and resource scarcity.  [Also see Full Planet, Empty Plates: The New Geopolitics of Food Scarcity by Lester R. Brown (president, Earth Policy Institute, Washington), NY: W. W. Norton, Oct 2012/144p/$16.95pb]    (FOOD/AGRICULTURE * BIOFUELS)

 

* Handbook on Climate Change and Agriculture. Edited by Ariel Dinar (Prof of Environmental Economics and Policy and Director, Water Science and Policy Center, U of California, Riverside) and Robert Mendelsohn (Prof of Forestry Policy, Yale U). Northampton MA: Edward Elgar, 2012, 544p, $245 (on-line price $220.50). Agriculture is essential to the livelihood of people and nations, especially in the developing world; therefore, any impact on it will have significant economic, social, and political ramifications. Climate change is likely to have an extensive impact on agriculture around the world through changes in temperature, precipitation, concentrations of carbon dioxide, and available water flows. Scholars from around the world analyze direct agronomic effects, the economic impacts on agriculture, agricultural impacts on the economy, agricultural mitigation, and farmer adaptation.  Topics include: 1) climate impacts and adaptation (security and uncertainty of global crop production, effects of climate variability on domestic livestock, use of crop models for climate change impact assessment, connections between climate change, drought and agricultural production); 2) economic studies of climate impacts on agriculture (farm-level impacts; impact of climate change on US agriculture); 3) agricultural impacts on the economy (adaptation strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa; integrated assessment models; growth and trade in agricultural adaptation to environmental change); 4) agricultural mitigation (biofuels and climate change; agricultural projects under the Clean Development Mechanism); and 5) adaptation to agricultural impacts (hydro-economic modeling in California; the use of endogenous irrigation and protected agriculture technology; technological innovation in agriculture; mixed crop–livestock farming systems in developing countries; insurance as an adaptation to climate variability in agriculture; the choice of livestock species in African and Latin American farms; effective institutions and infrastructure).] (CLIMATE CHANGE * FOOD AND AGRICULTURE *  AGRICULTURE AND CLIMATE CHANGE * DEVELOPMENT)

 

* The State of the World’s Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture: Managing Systems at Risk.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Rome).  NY: Routledge, Nov 2011, 320p, $59.95pb.  FAO’s first flagship ‘advocacy’ report, to be published every three to five years, targets senior level decision makers in agriculture as well as in other sectors.  SOLAW focuses on key dimensions of analysis: 1) quantity, quality of land and water resources and 2) the rate of use and sustainable management of these resources, in the contet of relevant driving forces such as climate change and food security.  The global, baseline status report on land and water resources is based on several global spatial databases (e.g. land suitability for agriculture, land use and management, land and water degradation and depletion) for which FAO is the world-recognized data source.  (FOOD/AGRICULTURE * LAND RESOURCES * WATER RESOURCES * RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY  RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND RISK)

 

* The Real Cost of Cheap Food.  Michael Carolan (Colorado State U).  NY: Routledge, August 2011, 288p, $34.95pb.  Examines the dominant food regime on its own terms, by asking whether we can afford cheap food and exploring what exactly cheap food gives us.  The food produced under this regime is in fact exceedingly expensive. Argues for a more contextual understanding of food when debating its affordability.  Meat production and consumption are inefficient uses of resources and contribute to climate change; the use of pesticides in industrial-scale agriculture may produce cheap food, but there are hidden costs to environmental protection, human health and biodiversity conservation. Suggests ways forward, going beyond the usual solutions such as farmers markets, community supported agriculture, and community gardens; useful practices and policies include microloans, subsidies for consumers, vertical agriculture, and the democratization of subsidies for producers. (FOOD/AGRICULTURE * FOOD: REAL COSTS)

 

* Food, Globalization and SustainabilityPeter Oosterveer (Wageningen U, Netherlands) and David A. Sonnenfeld (Prof of Sociology and Env. Policy, SUNY College of Environmental Science, Syracuse U).  NY: Routledge, Oct 2011, 296p, $49.95pb.  Food is increasingly traded internationally, thereby transforming the organization of food production and consumption globally and influencing most food-related practices.  This transition is generating unfamiliar challenges related to sustainability of food provision, the social impacts of international trade, and global food governance.  Distance in time and space between food producers and consumers is increasing and new concerns are arising: the environmental impact of food production and trade, animal welfare, the health and safety of food, and the social and economic impact of international food trade.  Shows how conventional regulation of food provision through sovereign national governments is becoming elusive.  (FOOD/AGRICULTURE * SUSTAINABILITY AND FOOD * GLOBAL FOOD REGIME)

 

 
* Food and the City: Urban Agriculture and the New Food RevolutionJennifer Cockrall-King (Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; freelance journalist; www.foodgirl.ca).  Amherst NY: Prometheus Books, Feb 2012, 355p, $21pb (also as e-book for 11.99).  There’s just a three-day supply of food available for any given city due to complex, just-in-time international supply chains.  The system is not only vulnerable but also environmentally unsustainable for the long term.  Examines alternative food systems in cities worldwide—London (gardeners grow on some 30,000allotment plots), Paris, Russia (65% of Moscow households grow some of their own food), Vancouver (promoting edible landscaping), Toronto, Los Angeles (supporting 100 schoolyard food gardens), Milwaukee, Detroit (Hantz Frms will be “the world’s largest urban farm”), Chicago, New York (now home to two major rooftop farms), and Cuba (“urban agriculture on a national scale”)-- that are shortening their food chains, growing food within city limits, and taking  “food security” in their own hands.  Growing spaces in the cities include rooftops, backyards, vacant lots, along roadways, and even in “vertical farms” reusing industrial buildings and derelict inner-city lots.  [NOTE: A fascinating and upbeat tour of many exciting projects.]   (FOOD AND AGRICULTURE * CITIES AND FOOD * URBAN AGRICULTURE * ALTERNATIVE FOOD SYSTEMS)
 
** Water Security: The Water-Food-Energy-Climate NexusThe World Economic Forum Water Initiative.  Davos:  World Economic Forum (dist by Island Press), Jan 2011, 300p, $30pb (also e-book).  “The world is on the brink of the greatest crisis it has ever faced: a spiraling lack of fresh water,” as demand for water surges, while groundwater dries up. Worsening water security will soon have dire consequences in many parts of the global economic system.  At its 2008 Davos Annual Meeting, the WEF assembled a group of public, private, NGO and academic experts to examine the water crisis issue from all perspectives.  The resulting forecast – a stark, nontechnical overview of where we will be by 2025 if we take a business-as-usual approach to (mis)managing our water resources – suggests how business and politics need to manage the water-food-energy-climate nexus as leaders negotiate details of a climate change regime to replace the Kyoto protocols.        
  (WATER * SECURITY AND WATER * CLIMATE CHANGE * ENERGY * FOOD/AGRICULTURE)
   
** Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st CenturyNational Research Council.  Washington: National Academies Press, Sept 2010, 598p, $65pb.  Not only is the agricultural sector expected to produce adequate food, fiber, and feed and contribute to biofuels to meet the needs of  rising global population, it is expected to do so under  increasingly scarce natural resources and climate change.  The NRC Committee on 21st Century Systems Agriculture assesses the scientific evidence for the strengths and weaknesses of different production, marketing, and policy approaches for improving agricultural sustainability and reducing the cost and unintended consequences of agricultural production.  It also explores how those lessons learned could be applied to agriculture in different regional and national settings, with emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa.      
(FOOD/AGRICULTURE * SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE * AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS FOR 21C)
 
** America’s Environmental Report Card: Are We Making the Grade? (Second Edition).  Harvey Blatt (Prof of Geology, Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew U of Jerusalem).  Cambridge: MIT Press, April 2011, 376p, $19.95pb.  Looks at water supplies, new concerns about water purity, the dangers of floods, infrastructure problems, the leaching of garbage buried in landfills, soil, contaminated crops, organic food, fossil fuels, alternative energy sources, controversies over nuclear energy, the increasing pace of climate change, and air pollution.  Outlines workable and reasonable solutions that map the course to a sustainable future, and argues that American can lead the way to a better environment: we can afford it, and can’t afford not to.   [Also see America’s Food: What You Don’t Know About What You Eat by Harvey Blatt (MIT, 2008).]  
            (ENVIRONMENT/RESOURCES * ENERGY * POLLUTION IN U.S. * WATER * FOOD)
 
*Advancing the Aquaculture Agenda: Workshop ProceedingsOrganisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development.  Paris: OECD Publishing, Sept 2010, 428p, free pdf.  Aquaculture now provides more than 50% of the global supply of fisheries products for global consumption and plays an increasingly important role.  Addresses policy challenges for a sustainable aquacultural sector embracing the vision of the 2009 OECD Declaration on Green Growth that identifies best practices.  Includes case studies on zoning policy in Norway, governance in France, best practices in Greece and Turkey, future plans for Korea, national plans for Spain, controlling sea lice in Chile, and Canada’s National Aquaculture Strategic Action Plan Initiative.  Discusses barriers to agriculture development as a pathway to poverty alleviation and food security, connection between farmed and wild fish, and conditions for establishing aquaculture production sites in OECD countries. 
(FOOD/AGRICULTURE * FISHERIES * AQUACULTURE: OECD AGENDA)
 
* Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century.  National Research Council (Committee on 21st Century Systems Agriculture).  Washington: National Academies Press, 2010/598p/$65pb.  In the last 20 years, a remarkable emergence of innovations and technological advances have generated promising changes and opportunities for sustainable agriculture.  Growing awareness of unintended impacts of some agricultural practices have led to heightened societal expectations for improved environmental, community, labor, and animal welfare standards.  The scientific evidence is assessed on strengths and weaknesses of different production, marketing, and policy approaches for improving and reducing costs of agriculture..  Also explores how lessons learned about sustainability can be applied to agriculture in different regional settings, with emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa.  By focusing on a systems approach, “this book can have a profound impact on development of sustainable farming systems.”  (FOOD/AGRICULTURE * SUSTAINABLE FARMING SYSTEMS * AGRICULTURE FOR 21C)
 
* State of the World 2011: Nourishing the PlanetWorldwatch Institute (Washington DC).  NY: W. W. Norton, Jan 2011/304p/$21.95pb.  An overview of the global food crisis—and how it can be solved.  Emphasizes the latest agro-ecological innovations and their global applicability, while offering insights into poverty, restoring rural economies, creating livelihoods, sustaining the natural resource base, international politics, and gender equality.
(FOOD/AGRICULTURE * GLOBAL FOOD CRISIS * AGRO-ECOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS)
 
*Agriculture and Food in Crisis: Conflict, Resistance, and Renewal.  Edited by Fred Magdoff (Prof Emeritus, U of Vermont; Adj. Prof, Cornell U) and Brian Tokar (director, Institute for Social Ecology; Plainfield VT).  NY:  Monthly Review Press (dist by New York U Press), Nov 2010/288p/$18pb.  Explores long term and global trends in food production and food insecurity and argues that it is technically possible to feed all world’s people, but not as long as capitalism exists. Examines what can be or is being done to create a human-centered and ecologically sound system of food production: sustainable agriculture, organic farming, radical land reform, national food sovereignty, etc. (FOOD/AGRICULTURE * CAPITALISM AND FOOD CRISIS * LAND REFORM * SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE)
 
*The World Food Problem: Toward Ending Undernutrition in the Third World (Fourth Edition).  Howard D. Leathers and Phillips Foster (both Profs of Agricultural and Resource Economics, U of Maryland).  Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2009/433p/$27.50pb.  Millions of people in the less developed countries go hungry despite an abundance of food in the world. Analyses the current food problem (particularly the 2008 food crisis) and assesses prospects for the future. Looks at causes of undernutrition (income distribution, availability of farm land, water, and technology) and policy approaches to undernutrition (raising income of the poor, subsidizing consumption, increasing access to food, and increasing food supply).                                             
(FOOD AND AGRICULTURE * WORLD FOOD CRISIS * UNDERNUTRITION IN THIRD WORLD)
 
*Industrial Crops and Uses. Bharat P. Singh (Fort Valley State U, Georgia). Oxfordshire, UK: CABI (dist by Stylus), June 2010/512p/$190. An overview of methods and research on selection, cultivation, production, and processing of non-food crops, e.g.: bioenergy, industrial oil and starch, fiber and dye, rubber, insecticide, and land rehabilitation. Also considers future research in crop production and processing, and future prospects of the industry.
 (INDUSTRIAL CROPS * NON-FOOD CROPS * AGRICULTURE)
 
* Food Politics: What Everyone Needs to Know.  Robert Paarlberg (Prof of Pol Sci, Wellesley College).  NY: Oxford U Press, April 2010/256p/$16.95pb.  Explains the most important issues on the global food landscape in Q & A format: the food crisis of 2008, famines, the politics of chronic hunger, the race between food production and population growth, international food aid, “green revolution” controversies, the politics of obesity, farm subsidies and trade, agribusiness, supermarkets, fast and slow food, organic and local food, and GE food. (FOOD AND AGRICULTURE: GLOBAL OVERVIEW)
 
** Agriculture at a Crossroads: Synthesis Report. The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Development. Washington: Island Press, 2009/$20pb. A three-year collaborative effort initiated by the World Bank and FAO, involving >400 authors in 110 countries in assessing advances and setbacks of the past 50 years and options for the next 50 years; this report integrates key findings from the Global Report and five regional Sub-global Assessments, covering bioenergy, biotech, climate change, human health, natural resource management, trade and markets, traditional knowledge, community-based innovation, and women in agriculture.
(AGRICULTURE * DEVELOPMENT)
 
* Water and Agriculture: Implications for Development and Growth. Center for Strategic and International Studies. CSIS, Nov 2009/117p/$19.95pb (download free from http://csis.org). Authors point to drip irrigation, drought-resistant plant breeding, wastewater treatment for irrigation reuse, satellite-based assessments, small-scale soil and management practices for smallholders, correct water pricing to encourage efficient use, more multi-stakeholder partnerships, concerted political will and action at all levels, and development approaches that integrate the nexus of food, water, and energy.
(WATER * AGRICULTURE AND WATER * DEVELOPMENT AND WATER)
 
* The Feeding of the Nine Billion: Global Food Security for the 21st Century. Alex Evans. Royal Institute of International Affairs (download at www.chathamhouse.org.uk/CHR), Aug 2009/60p$15pb (dist. by Brookings). Follow-up to an April 2008 Briefing Paper on Rising Food Prices: Drivers and Implications for Development, with attention to long-term impacts; the outlook is for turbulence and uncertainty.                                                       (FOOD PRICES * GLOBAL FOOD PRICE CRISIS)
 
* Waste: Uncovering the Global Food Scandal. Tristram Stuart (UK). NY: W. W. Norton, Oct 2009/352p/$27.95. Author of a cultural history of vegetarianism argues that farmers, manufacturers, supermarkets, and consumers in N. America and Europe waste 30-50% of their food supplies, and offers painless solutions.                                                                                 (FOOD * RESOURCES)
 
* Corporate Power in Global Agrifood Governance. Edited by Jennifer Clapp (Prof of Env. Studies, U of Waterloo) and Doris Fuchs (Prof of Intl. Rels. and Development, U of Münster). Cambridge: MIT Press, June 2009/312p/$24pb. Transnational corporations have been central to the development of today’s globally integrated food system; topics include corporate definitions of “environmental sustainability” and “food security,” certifying “green” food in Southeast Asia, corporate influence on US food aid policy, international food safety standards, consumer resistance to GMOs, biotech firms and intellectual property, etc.                                                                           (FOOD * CORPORATIONS)
 
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